Marine Policy and Law

Marine policy and law are essential to the conservation and sustainable use of ocean resources. Marine policy refers to the set of guidelines, laws, and regulations that govern the management of marine resources, including fisheries, marine habitats, and coastal zones. It involves decision-making at the local, national, and international levels and involves a broad range of stakeholders, including governments, scientists, industry, and the public.

Marine law, on the other hand, is the body of laws and regulations that govern maritime activities, including shipping, navigation, and marine pollution. It covers a range of issues, including safety at sea, the rights of seafarers, marine insurance, and maritime boundaries.

Both marine policy and law play a crucial role in the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources. Effective marine policy can help to prevent overfishing, protect marine habitats, and promote sustainable tourism, while marine law can ensure that shipping and other maritime activities are conducted in a safe and environmentally responsible manner.

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is the primary international agreement governing the use and management of ocean resources. It sets out the legal framework for the management of marine resources, including the establishment of exclusive economic zones and the protection of marine biodiversity.

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